Plasmakinetic bipolar versus monopolar transurethral resection of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: A single center randomized controlled trial
Del Rosso A, Pace G, Masciovecchio S, Saldutto P, Galatioto GP, Vicentini C. Int J Urol. 2012 Sep 25. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2012.03174.x. [Epub ahead of print]

Source

Department of Health Science, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila; Department of Urology, Mazzini Hospital, Teramo, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the safety and the efficacy of plasmakinetic bipolar resectoscope versus conventional monopolar in the transurethral resection of primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

METHODS:

From January 2007 to December 2009, 132 patients underwent endoscopic resection for primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. They were randomly assigned to two groups: 67 patients underwent a transurethral resection of the bladder with bipolar plasmakinetic energy transurethral resection of the bladder and 65 were treated with conventional monopolar transurethral resection.

RESULTS:

The mean operative time was 27 min for bipolar plasmakinetic energy transurethral resection of the bladder and 31 min for monopolar transurethral resection of the bladder. No significant differences in the mean change of hemoglobin and serum sodium level were observed. Mean catheterization time was 1.3 days and 2.3 days for bipolar plasmakinetic energy transurethral resection of the bladder and monopolar transurethral resection of the bladder, respectively. The mean hospital stay was shorter in the bipolar plasmakinetic energy transurethral resection of the bladder. Bladder perforation was reported in two cases for the monopolar transurethral resection of the bladder group and obturator nerve reflex occurred in a single case for both procedures. None of the patients experienced transurethral resection syndrome. The median time of bladder tumor recurrence after initial transurethral resection of the bladder was 12.4 months and 11.9 months for bipolar plasmakinetic energy transurethral resection of the bladder and monopolar transurethral resection of the bladder, respectively. No significant differences in the overall recurrence-free survival rate were observed comparing the two procedures.

CONCLUSIONS:

Plasmakinetic bipolar transurethral resection represents a safe and effective procedure in the management of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.