Inhibition of presenilins attenuates proliferation and invasion in bladder cancer cells through multiple pathways
Gai JW, Wahafu W, Hsieh YC, Liu M, Zhang L, Li SW, Zhang B, He Q, Guo H, Jin J. Urol Oncol. 2013 Apr 26. pii: S1078-1439(13)00090-2. doi: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2013.02.014. [Epub ahead of print]

Source

Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital; Institute of Urology, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Presenilin (PS)/γ-secretase is a key protease that initiates various biological processes. We investigated the effect of PS/γ-secretase on the expression and inhibition of urothelial cell carcinoma of bladder (UCB) as a potential alternative therapeutic target for UCB.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

PS-1 and PS-2 were identified in normal and malignant human bladder transitional cells by immunohistochemistry. We blocked PSs using a PS/γ-secretase inhibitor N-(N-[3,5-difluorophenacetyl]-L-alanyl)-S-phenylglycine-t-butylester (DAPT), and the proliferative and invasive potential of UCB cells SW780, BIU-87, 5637, and T24, and human normal urothelial cell line SV-HUC-1 were analyzed using Western blot, cell viability test, flow cytometry, and transwell assay. All experiments were repeated at least 3 times.

RESULTS:

Human bladder samples of UCB, SW780, BIU-87, 5637, and T24 cells expressed higher PS-1 compared with normal ones. Cell vitality test demonstrated that DAPT attenuated UCB cell proliferation more than SV-HUC-1. Flow cytometry and transwell assay showed that T24 cells were arrested at G1/S checkpoint and its invasive ability was impaired. Western blot assay markedly showed that protein levels of CD44-intracellular domain, insulinlike growth factor-1Rβ, extracellular regulated protein kinase 1/2, cyclin D1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 were downregulated by DAPT, whereas vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor-165 were upregulated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study revealed that PS-1 might be implicated in the proliferation and invasion of UCB, and that it may serve as a potential therapeutic target for UCB, but further studies are warranted to verify the effects of inhibition of PS/γ-secretase on angiogenesis.