Mycobacterial brain tuberculomas due to Bacille Calmette-Guérin intravesical chemotherapy for bladder cancer: A case report and literature review
Golub V, Malhotra P, Patel S. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2011 Fall;22(3):104-6.


Sections of Infectious Diseases and Radiology, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York.


Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy is widely used for the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. The authors believe that the present report is one of the first to document cerebral BCG tuberculoma in a 73-year-old immunocompetent man, three years after intra-vesical BCG immunotherapy. His workup revealed no identifiable extracranial source. He responded well to treatment with rifampin, ethambutol and moxifloxacin.Patients undergoing intravesical BCG therapy should be closely monitored for the development of this complication. Prolonged antitubercular therapy, possibly including moxifloxacin, appears to be beneficial in the treatment of central nervous system tuberculous infections.