MR Imaging of Urinary Bladder Carcinoma and Beyond
Raza SA, Jhaveri KS. Radiol Clin North Am. 2012 Nov;50(6):1085-110. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2012.08.011.


Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Room 112, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E2, Canada; Abdominal Imaging, University Health Network, Mt. Sinai and Women's College Hospital, 610 University Avenue, 3-957, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9, Canada.


Detection of muscle invasion is a critical aspect in management of urinary bladder cancer. MR imaging has the potential and promise of delivering this premise noninvasively. This article reviews the current status of MR imaging in evaluation of bladder cancer. Also discussed are other important neoplastic and nonneoplastic conditions affecting the bladder.