Predicting Recurrence and Progression in Chinese Patients With Nonmuscle-invasive Bladder Cancer Using EORTC and CUETO Scoring Models
Xu T, Zhu Z, Zhang X, Wang X, Zhong S, Zhang M, Shen Z.Urology. 2013 Jun 8.pii: S0090-4295(13)00454-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.04.007. [Epub ahead of print]


Department of Urology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.



To validate the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) model and the Spanish Urological Club for Oncological Treatment (CUETO) model in Chinese patients with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).


A retrospective study was performed of 363 Chinese patients with NMIBC treated at our hospital from January 2003 to September 2010. Most of these patients had undergone intravesical chemotherapy after transurethral resection of the bladder tumor. The scores for recurrence and progression were calculated using the 2 models. Next, all the patients were divided into 4 risk groups according to their scores. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the probabilities of recurrence and progression according to both models. Discrimination was assessed using the concordance index.


The EORTC model successfully stratified our patients into 4 groups with statistically significant different probabilities of recurrence. For progression, only the intermediate- and high-risk groups could be reasonably distinguished using the EORTC model. The CUETO model stratified neither the recurrence nor the progression risks. The concordance index using the EORTC and CUETO model was 0.711 and 0.663 for recurrence and 0.768 and 0.741 for progression, respectively.


Compared with the CUETO risk tables, the EORTC model showed more value in predicting recurrence and progression in Chinese patients with NMIBC, most of whom received intravesical chemotherapy after transurethral resection of the bladder tumor. Prospective multicenter studies should be performed of large cohorts to construct an ideal prognostic model for Chinese patients with NMIBC.