Quantitative assessment of the association between MHTFR C677T (rs1801133, Ala222Val) polymorphism and susceptibility to bladder cancer
Xu W, Zhang H, Wang F, Wang H. Diagn Pathol. 2013 Jun 17;8(1):95. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The association between Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) Ala222Val (rs1801133) has been implicated to alter the risk of bladder cancer, but the results are controversial.

METHODS:

A comprehensive databases of Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) were searched for case-control studies investigating the association between MTHFR Ala222Val polymorphism and bladder cancer susceptibility. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were used to assess this possible association. Achi2 -based Q-test was used to examine the heterogeneity assumption. Begg's and Egger's test were used to examine the potential publication bias. The leave-one-out sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine whether our assumpt ions or decisions have a major effect on the results of the review. Statistical analys is was performed with the software program Stata 12.0.

RESULTS:

A total of 15 independent studies were identified, including 3,570 cases and 3,926 controls. Our analysis suggested that Ala222Val was not associated with bladder cancer risk in overall population under additive model (OR=0.96, 95%CI=0.76-1.21, P=0.731), dominant model (OR=1.00, 95%CI=0.87-1.15, P=0.975), recessive model (OR=0.92, 95%CI=0.79-1.07, P=0.279), and Ala allele versus Val allele (OR=0.96, 95%CI=0.86-1.07, P=0.427). In the subgroup analysis stratified by ethnicity and sources of controls, there were also no significant associations detected among different descent populations, population-based studies and hospital-based studies.

CONCLUSION:

This meta-analysis showed the evidence that MTHFR Ala222Val polym orphism was not contributed to the development of bladder cancer.