Botulinum neurotoxin type a for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: randomized study comparing two doses
Arnouk R, Suzuki Bellucci CH, Stull RB, de Bessa Junior J, Malave CA, Gomes CM. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:463574. Epub 2012 Sep 10.


Department of Urology, Dr. Carlos Arvelo Military Hospital, 1060 Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela.


Purpose. To assess the efficacy and safety of intraprostatic injection of two botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) doses for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods. Men with symptomatic BPH who failed medical treatment were randomized to receive 100 U or 200 U of BoNT-A into the prostate. The International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS), maximum flow rate (Q(max)), post-void residual volume (PVR), PSA levels and prostate volume before injection and after 3 and 6 months were evaluated. Adverse events were compared between the groups. Results. Thirty four patients were evaluated, including 17 in the BoNT-A 100 U group and 17 in the BoNT-A 200 U group. Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. Both doses produced significant improvements in IPSS, Q(max) and PVR after 3 and 6 months and both doses promoted comparable effects. Prostate volume was affected by 200 U BoNT-A injection only after 6 months of treatment. PSA levels were significantly affected in the 100 U group only after 6 months of treatment. In the 200 U group, PSA levels were significantly decreased after 3 and 6 months. The complication rate was similar in both groups. Conclusions. Efficacy and safety of both BoNT-A doses are similar for BPH treatment in the short term followup