A Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Phase 2 Dose-ranging Study of OnabotulinumtoxinA in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Marberger M, Chartier-Kastler E, Egerdie B, Lee KS, Grosse J, Bugarin D, Zhou J, Patel A, Haag-Molkenteller C. Eur Urol. 2012 Oct 12. pii: S0302-2838(12)01224-9. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2012.10.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Source

Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: michael.marberger@A1.net.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Botulinum toxin treatment has been investigated as a minimally invasive alternative to oral medications in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH).

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the efficacy of onabotulinumtoxinA 100 U, 200 U, and 300 U versus placebo in men with LUTS/BPH in a phase 2 dose-ranging study.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

A multicenter double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled 72-wk study enrolled men ≥50 yr of age with LUTS/BPH, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥12, total prostate volume (TPV) 30-100ml, and maximum flow rate (Q(max)) 5-15ml/s.

INTERVENTION:

Single transperineal (n=63) or transrectal (n=311) administration of placebo (n=94) or onabotulinumtoxinA 100 U (n=95), 200 U (n=94), or 300 U (n=97) into the prostate transition zone.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

The primary efficacy end point was a change from baseline in IPSS at week 12. Secondary end points were Q(max), TPV, and transition zone volume (TZV). Analysis of covariance and the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel method assessed the efficacy and proportion of IPSS responders. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS:

Significant improvements from baseline in IPSS, Q(max), TPV, and TZV were observed for all groups, including placebo, at week 12 (p<0.001), with no significant differences between onabotulinumtoxinA and placebo. However, in an exploratory post hoc analysis, a significant reduction in IPSS versus placebo was observed with onabotulinumtoxinA 200 U in prior α-blocker users (n=180) at week 12. AEs were comparable across all groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Reductions in LUTS/BPH symptoms were seen in all groups, including placebo, with no significant between-group differences owing to a large placebo effect from the injectable therapy. The findings from the post hoc analysis in men previously treated with α-blockers will be further explored in an appropriately designed study.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

http://www.Clinical Trials.gov; NCT00284518.