The Impact of OAB on Physical Activity in the United States: Results from OAB-POLL
Coyne KS, Sexton CC, Clemens JQ, Thompson CL, Chen CI, Bavendam T, Dmochowski R. Urology. 2013 Aug 14. pii: S0090-4295(13)00696-1. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.05.035. [Epub ahead of print]

Source

Department of Outcomes Research, Evidera, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: Karin.Coyne@unitedbiosource.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide data on physical activity among those with and without overactive bladder (OAB) in a large, ethnically diverse U.S. sample.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted via the Internet among 10,000 men and women aged 18-70 (2000 African Americans, 2000 Hispanics, and 6000 whites) using the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) tool and questions from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). OAB cases and those with no/minimal symptoms (NMS) were compared on federal guidelines of indices of physical activity: 2008 guidelines and 2010 Healthy People. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate differences between OAB and NMS. Logistic regressions examined the impact of OAB on physical activity.

RESULTS:

Response rate, 57%; 818 men and 1505 women with OAB, and 1857 men and 1615 women with NMS. Respondents with other LUTS were excluded from this analysis (2302 men and 1904 women). Those with OAB were significantly less likely to report moderate and vigorous physical activities in their leisure time and to satisfy recommended physical activity levels compared to those with NMS. Symptoms of OAB (men and women: urgency and urinary frequency; women: urinary urge incontinence) were associated with limitations in physical activity in the logistic regressions.

CONCLUSION:

This study benchmarks physical activity levels among people with OAB. Men and women with OAB were significantly less likely to achieve recommended physical activity levels than people with NMS. More research is needed to further evaluate how OAB affects physical activity and health status and to determine causal relationships.