The efficacy and safety of mirabegron in treating OAB: a systematic review and meta-analysis of phase III trials
Cui Y, Zong H, Yang C, Yan H, Zhang Y. Int Urol Nephrol. 2013 Jul 30. [Epub ahead of print]

Source

Department of Urology, Beijing Tian-Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 6 Tiantan Xi Li, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100050, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Mirabegron, a potent and selective β3-adrenoceptor agonist, has been developed for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of the drug for treating OAB.

METHODS:

A literature review was performed to identify all published randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trials of mirabegron for the treatment of OAB. The search included the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. The reference lists of the retrieved studies were also investigated. A systematic review and meta-analysis of phase III trials were conducted.

RESULTS:

Four publications involving a total of 5,761 patients were used in the analysis, including four phase III RCTs that compared mirabegron with placebo. We found that mirabegron was effective in treating OAB in our meta-analysis. Co-primary efficacy end points: the mean number of incontinence episodes per 24 h (the standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.44, 95 % confidence interval (CI) -0.59 to -0.29, p < 0.00001); the mean number of micturitions per 24 h (SMD = -0.62, 95 % CI -0.80 to -0.45, p < 0.00001) and key secondary efficacy end points: mean volume voided per micturition; mean number of urgency episodes per 24 h indicated that mirabegron was more effective than the placebo. Safety assessments included common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) [OR 1.10, 95 % CI 0.93-1.31, p = 0.25), hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia TEAEs, urinary retention and discontinuations due to adverse event indicated that mirabegron was well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS:

This meta-analysis indicates that mirabegron to be an effective and safe treatment for OAB symptoms with a low occurrence of side effects. It offers promise as an effective oral agent for the treatment of OAB with a distinct efficacy/tolerability balance.