The association between the self-perception period of overactive bladder symptoms and overactive bladder symptom scores in a non-treated population and related sociodemographic and lifestyle factors
Kim JH, Ham BK, Shim SR, Lee WJ, Kim HJ, Kwon SS, Bae JH. Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Aug;67(8):795-800. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12080.

Source

Department of Urology, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Department of Urology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Department of Environmental Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Korea University, Seoul, Korea Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Department of Biostatistics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Aims:  To investigate the association between the self-perception period of OAB symptoms (SP-OAB) and the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS), along with related sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Methods:  This was a cross-sectional study comprised of 192 men aged 40 years and older who participated in a prostate examination survey between February and May 2009 and proved to have OAB. Survey questionnaires included items on the OABSS and the SP-OAB assessed by the OABSS. Various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors were also included. Results:  The average SP-OAB period was 24.72 ± 45.75 months and became significantly longer as the severity of OAB increased in correlation analysis (coefficient = 0.501, p < 0.001). Age, education, income, regular check-up, health maintenance and occupation were all risk factors in both OABSS and SP-OAB in univariate analysis. Body mass index (BMI), family size and SP-OAB were risk factors for OABSS in univariate analysis. Age and regular check-ups were factors in both OABSS and SP-OAB in multivariate analysis. BMI, income and SP-OAB were risk factors for OABSS. Conclusion:  These findings suggest that the SP-OAB is an independent risk factor for OAB progression and that various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors affect OABSS. The self-perception period should be considered in the treatment and prevention of OAB symptoms.