The effect of mirabegron, a potent and selective β3-adrenoceptor agonist, on the pharmacokinetics of CYP2D6 substrates desipramine and metoprolol
Krauwinkel W, Dickinson J, Schaddelee M, Meijer J, Tretter R, van de Wetering J, Strabach G, van Gelderen M. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2013 Jun 1. [Epub ahead of print]

Source

Global Clinical Pharmacology and Exploratory Development Astellas Pharma Europe BV, R.Pharm, Sylviusweg 62, PO Box 344, 2300 AH, Leiden, The Netherlands, Walter.Krauwinkel@astellas.com.

Abstract

Mirabegron is a potent and selective β3-adrenoceptor agonist developed for the treatment of overactive bladder. In vitro studies demonstrated that mirabegron partly acts as a (quasi-) irreversible, metabolism-dependent inhibitor of CYP2D6. The effect of steady-state mirabegron on single doses of the sensitive CYP2D6 substrates metoprolol (100 mg) and desipramine (50 mg) was assessed in two open-label, one-sequence crossover studies in healthy subjects (CYP2D6 extensive metabolizers). Mirabegron 160 mg/day increased metoprolol maximum plasma concentration (C max) 1.90-fold (90 % confidence interval [CI] 1.54; 2.33) and total exposure (AUC0-∞) 3.29-fold (90 % CI 2.70; 4.00) in 12 males (study 1). Mean metoprolol half-life increased from 2.96 to 4.11 h. α-Hydroxymetoprolol C max and AUC to last measurable concentration decreased 2.6-fold and 2.2-fold, respectively. In study 2, mirabegron 100 mg/day increased desipramine C max 1.79-fold (90 % CI 1.69; 1.90) and AUC0-∞ 3.41-fold (90 % CI 3.07; 3.80) in 14 males and 14 females. Mean desipramine half-life increased from 19.5 to 35.8 h. C max of 2-hydroxydesipramine decreased ~twofold, while AUC increased ~1.3-fold. Desipramine was administered again 2 weeks after the last mirabegron dose. Desipramine C max and AUC0-∞ were still ~1.13-fold increased; the 90 % CIs fell within the 0.80-1.25 interval. All treatments were well tolerated. In conclusion, mirabegron is a moderate CYP2D6 inhibitor (ratio and 90 % CI <5.0).