Does concomitant diabetes affect treatment responses in overactive bladder patients?
Schneider T, Marschall-Kehrel D, Hanisch JU, Michel MC. Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Nov;67(11):1138-43. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12196.

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Praxisklinik Urologie Rhein-Ruhr, Mülheim, Germany.


AIMS: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of a muscarinic receptor antagonist, darifenacin, in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) patients with concomitant diabetes as compared with those without comorbidities.

METHODS: Post hoc exploratory analysis of a published, large, non-interventional study in OAB patients treated with darifenacin including 532 diabetics and 1315 controls. Associations of diabetes with treatment responses were evaluated by multiple regression models.

RESULTS: Diabetics (largely type 2 patients) and controls differed in baseline age, body weight, duration of OAB symptoms and presence of co-medications. However, they exhibited similar OAB symptom episode frequency and problem rating and received similar starting doses of darifenacin. Presence of diabetes was associated with a significantly smaller reduction of OAB symptoms, but the effect attributable to diabetes was small relative to the overall treatment response. The presence of diabetes was not associated with differences in tolerability.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that a muscarinic receptor antagonist has comparable efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of OAB patients with and without concomitant diabetes.