Increased bladder wall thickness in diabetic and nondiabetic women with overactive bladder
Uzun H, Ogullar S, Sahin SB, Zorba OÜ, Akça G, Sümer F, Güney UM, Balık G. Int Neurourol J. 2013 Jun;17(2):67-72. doi: 10.5213/inj.2013.17.2.67. Epub 2013 Jun 30.

Source

Department of Urology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University School of Medicine, Rize, Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Bladder wall thickness has been reported to be associated with overactive bladder (OAB) in women. Diabetic women have an increased risk for OAB syndrome and may have an increased risk for bladder wall thickness.

METHODS:

A total of 235 female patients aged 40 to 75 years were categorized into four groups. The first group consisted of women free of urgency or urge urinary incontinence. The second group included nondiabetic women with idiopathic OAB. The third group consisted of women with diabetes and clinical OAB, and women with diabetes but without OAB constituted the fourth group. Bladder wall thickness at the anterior wall was measured by ultrasound by the suprapubic approach with bladder filling over 250 mL.

RESULTS:

The diabetic (third group) and nondiabetic (second group) women with OAB had significantly greater bladder wall thickness at the anterior bladder wall than did the controls. However, the difference was not significant between the diabetic (third group) and the nondiabetic (second group) women with OAB. Women with diabetes but without OAB (fourth group) had greater bladder wall thickness than did the controls but this difference was not significant. Additionally, the difference in bladder wall thickness between diabetic women with (third group) and without (fourth group) OAB was not significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first study to show that bladder wall thickness is increased in diabetic women with and without OAB. Additionally, nondiabetic women with OAB had increased bladder wall thickness. Further studies may provide additional information for diabetic and nondiabetic women with OAB, in whom the etiopathogenesis of the disease may be similar.