Results of hormone therapy as first-line treatment for high-risk prostate cancer
Mottet N. Curr Opin Urol. 2013 Jul;23(4):355-9. doi: 10.1097/MOU.0b013e328361f503.

Source

Urology Department, University Hospital Nord, St Etienne cedex 2, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To assess the current place for androgen deprivation therapy as single modality in locally advanced nonmetastatic situations.

RECENT FINDINGS:

One standard of care for node negative locally advanced disease is a combination of external beam with androgen deprivation treatment. Several recent randomized trials have confirmed the key role of a local treatment combined to a systemic one in terms of specific and overall survival. The specific morbidity of this combined modality appears to be minimal. Retrospective data also suggest that a local treatment should be considered in case of positive nodes. Finally, the real place of immediate single hormonal treatment has also been clarified. The limited survival benefit has to be balanced with the side-effects. Therefore, this single modality should be limited to the most aggressive situations when no local treatment is planned.

SUMMARY:

Single hormonal treatment for nonmetastatic advanced prostate cancer appears to be limited to the few patients unfit or unwilling for a local treatment and having a high prostate-specific antigen and a short prostate-specific antigen doubling time. In all other situations, it might represent a clear undertreatment.