Seminal plasma as a source of prostate cancer Peptide biomarker candidates for detection of indolent and advanced disease
Neuhaus J, Schiffer E, von Wilcke P, Bauer HW, Leung H, Siwy J, Ulrici W, Paasch U, Horn LC, Stolzenburg JU.PLoS One. 2013 Jun 24;8(6):e67514. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067514. Print 2013.

Source

University of Leipzig, Department of Urology, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Extensive prostate specific antigen screening for prostate cancer generates a high number of unnecessary biopsies and over-treatment due to insufficient differentiation between indolent and aggressive tumours. We hypothesized that seminal plasma is a robust source of novel prostate cancer (PCa) biomarkers with the potential to improve primary diagnosis of and to distinguish advanced from indolent disease.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

In an open-label case/control study 125 patients (70 PCa, 21 benign prostate hyperplasia, 25 chronic prostatitis, 9 healthy controls) were enrolled in 3 centres. Biomarker panels a) for PCa diagnosis (comparison of PCa patients versus benign controls) and b) for advanced disease (comparison of patients with post surgery Gleason score <7 versus Gleason score >7) were sought. Independent cohorts were used for proteomic biomarker discovery and testing the performance of the identified biomarker profiles. Seminal plasma was profiled using capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry. Pre-analytical stability and analytical precision of the proteome analysis were determined. Support vector machine learning was used for classification. Stepwise application of two biomarker signatures with 21 and 5 biomarkers provided 83% sensitivity and 67% specificity for PCa detection in a test set of samples. A panel of 11 biomarkers for advanced disease discriminated between patients with Gleason score 7 and organ-confined (

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Seminal plasma represents a robust source of potential peptide makers for primary PCa diagnosis. Our findings warrant further prospective validation to confirm the diagnostic potential of identified seminal biomarker candidates.