Comparison of apoptotic gene expression profiles between Peyronie's disease plaque and tunica albuginea
Zorba OU, Sirma S, Ozgon G, Salabas E, Ozbek U, Kadioglu A. Adv Clin Exp Med. 2012 Sep-Oct;21(5):607-14.

Source

Department of Urology, Rize University, Rize Medical Faculty, Rize, Turkey. zorbaunal@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The fibrotic plaques of Peyronie/s disease and other localized fibrotic conditions have been considered to be the result of an abnormal wound healing process. The potential role of regulatory disorders of apoptosis in abnormal wound healing may also play a role in the development of Peyronie's disease.

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the phenomenon of apoptosis in Peyronie's disease, authors quantified differential levels of gene expression of apoptotic proteins, Fas, Fas Ligand, Bcl-2, p53, Caspase 3 and 8 in Peyronie's plaque and tunica albuginea.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Eight patients with Peyronie's disease undergoing surgical correction of the curvature had biopsy specimens taken from both the Peyronie's plaque and normal tunica albuginea. Messenger RNA expression of the apoptotic proteins in the plaque and normal tunica was measured by reverse transcriptase PCR.

RESULTS:

Apoptotic gene expression was lower than the housekeeping gene's in half of the tunica albuginea samples and two thirds of the plaque samples. Overall mRNA expressions in the plaque were not significantly different from the normal tunica albuginea.

CONCLUSIONS:

The fibrotic plaques of Peyronie's disease and other localized fibrotic conditions have been considered to be the result of an abnormal wound healing process. The potential role of regulatory disorders of apoptosis in abnormal wound healing may valso play a role in the development of Peyronie's disease. In this study, the lower expression of apoptotic genes may cause the persistence of collagen producing cells which were up-regulated for unknown reasons and consequently result in plaque formation. Similar expression levels of apoptotic genes in both tunica albuginea and Peyronie's plaques may be due to the generalized physiopathologic alterations in tunica albuginea that lead to plaque formation at a vulnerable region subjected to recurrent traumas.