Early Results from a United States Trial of Prostatic Artery Embolization in the Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Bagla S, Martin CP, van Breda A, Sheridan MJ, Sterling KM, Papadouris D, Rholl KS, Smirniotopoulos JB, van Breda A. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013 Oct 28. pii: S1051-0443(13)01442-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2013.09.010. [Epub ahead of print]


Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Department (S.B., Arl.v.B., K.M.S., D.P., K.S.R., Ari.v.B.), Inova Alexandria Hospital, Alexandria.


PURPOSE: To report early findings from a prospective United States clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to March 2013, 72 patients were screened and 20 patients underwent treatment. Patients were evaluated at baseline and selected intervals (1, 3, and 6 mo) for the following efficacy variables: American Urological Association (AUA) symptom score, quality of life (QOL)-related symptoms, International Index of Erectile Function score, peak urine flow rate, and prostate volume (on magnetic resonance imaging at 6 mo). Complications were monitored and reported per Society of Interventional Radiology guidelines.

RESULTS: Embolization was technically successful in 18 of 20 patients (90%); bilateral PAE was successful in 18 of 19 (95%). Unsuccessful embolizations were secondary to atherosclerotic occlusion of prostatic arteries. Clinical success was seen in 95% of patients (19 of 20) at 1 month, with average AUA symptom score improvements of 10.8 points at 1 month (P < .0001), 12.1 points at 3 months (P = .0003), and 9.8 points at 6 months (P = .06). QOL improved at 1 month (1.9 points; P = .0002), 3 months (1.9 points; P = .003), and 6 months (2.6 points; P = .007). Sexual function improved by 34% at 1 month (P = .11), 5% at 3 months (P = .72), and 16% at 6 months (P = .19). Prostate volume at 6 months had decreased 18% (n = 5; P = .05). No minor or major complications were reported.

CONCLUSIONS: Early results from this clinical trial indicate that PAE offers a safe and efficacious treatment option for men with BPH.