Severity Profiles in Patients Diagnosed of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Spain
Miñana B, Rodríguez-Antolín A, Prieto M, Pedrosa E. Actas Urol Esp. 2013 Jul 12. pii: S0210-4806(13)00157-5. doi: 10.1016/j.acuro.2013.03.003. [Epub ahead of print]

[Article in English, Spanish]

Source

Servicio de Urología, Hospital Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Cátedra de Urología de la Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia (UCAM), Murcia, España. Electronic address: bernardino.minana@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse the severity profiles and progression criteria in patients diagnosed of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in urology clinics in Spain.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A multicentre observational epidemiological study conducted in Spain between May-November 2008. A representative sample of 392 urologist gathered socio-demographic, clinical and patient-centered data from three consecutive patients with new diagnostic of BPH in urology clinics.

RESULTS:

A total of 1.115 patients were evaluated. Mean age was 65.7 years old. Mean time from the onset of symptoms to diagnostic was18,8 months. Mean IPSS score was 17.2. 63 patients (5,7%) had mild symptoms; 670 (60,1%) had moderate symptoms with a mean IPSS score of 14.6 and 382 (34.3%) had severe symptoms with a mean IPSS score of 23.7. Mean PSA was 2.6ng/ml and ultrasound measured prostatic volume was 49.2cc. A total of 713 (63,9%) patients met progression criteria (PSA >1.5ng/ml and volume>30cc). Symptoms severity was directly correlated with age, prostatic volume, PSA, presence of progression criteria and time from the onset of symptoms and inversely correlated with urine flow rate (P<.001). Progression criteria was directly correlated with age, symptoms severity and inversely with urine flow rate (P<.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

More than 90% of patients diagnosed of BPH in urology clinics in Spain had moderate to severe symptoms. Two thirds met progression criteria that correlate with age and severity of symptoms.